Capricorn (♑) is the tenth of the astrological signs in the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Capricornus. In astrology, Capricorn is considered an introvert sign. It is also considered an earth sign and one of the four cardinal signs. Capricorn is ruled by the planet Saturn. Being the tenth sign of the zodiac, Capricorn has been associated with the astrological tenth house. Individuals born when the Sun was in this sign are considered Capricorn individuals. Under the outdated tropical zodiac, the Sun enters Capricorn by definition at the moment of winter solstice, or roughly at December 21, and leaves it around January 20. In western astrology, this sign is no longer aligned with the constellation as a result of the precession of the equinoxes. Under the sidereal zodiac, it is currently there roughly from January 15 to February 15.
Zodiac Symbol: Seagoat
Duration (Tropical, Western): 22 December – 20 January (2011, UTC)
Duration (Sidereal, Hindu): 13 January – 1 February (2011, UTC)
Zodiac Element: Earth
Zodiac Quality: Cardinal
Domicile: Uranus (night), Saturn (day)
Exaltation: Mars, Pluto
Fall: Jupiter, Neptune
The constellation is usually depicted as a goat with a fish’s tail. One myth says that when the goat-god Pan was attacked by the monster Typhon, he dove into the Nile; the parts above the water remained a goat, but those under the water transformed into a fish.
Capricorn is sometimes depicted as a sea-goat, and sometimes as a terrestrial goat. The reasons for this are unknown, but the image of a sea-goat goes back at least to Babylonian times. Furthermore the Sumerian god Enki’s symbols included a goat and a fish, which later combined into a single beast, the goat Capricorn, recognized as the Zodiacal constellation Capricornus.
“The symbol of the goat rising from the body of a fish represents with greatest propriety the mountainous buildings of Babylon rising out of its low and marshy situation; the two horns of the goat being emblematic of the two towns, Nineveh and Babylon, the former built on the Tigris, the latter on the Euphrates; but both subjected to one sovereignty.”
On the other hand, the constellation of capricorn is sometimes identified as Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Zeus after his mother Rhea saved him from being devoured by his father Cronos (in Greek mythology). The goat’s broken horn was transformed into the cornucopia or horn of plenty. Some ancient sources claim that this derives from the sun “taking nourishment” while in the constellation, in preparation for its climb back northward. As such, it is a symbol of sovereignty.
Generally, the natives of Capricorn are considered to be compatible with the natives of the other earth signs, Taurus and Virgo, and the natives of the water signs, Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces. Aries and Libra are signs of the other nature (masculine/extroverted), but are considered semi-compatible with Capricorn due to them having the same cardinal quality.
There are many variables that determine compatibility in astrology, such as birth dates, birth months, birth years, sign within the Sun, the Moon, Stars. The signs listed as compatible with Capricorn do not reflect an individual profile or individual reading as interpreted within astrology, but rather reflect a general guideline and reference to compatibility as dictated by variables such as Qualities and Elements within the Zodiac. The branch of astrology dealing with interpersonal compatibilities is called Synastry.
Definition courtesy Wikipedia.