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Shatkarma

Shatkarma (Sanskrit: षटकर्मन ṣaṭkarman), also known as Shatkriya[1], refers to the Yogic practices involving purification of the body.

Shatkarma is a compound word consisting of two components: shat meaning ‘six’ and karma meaning ‘art’ or ‘process’. The word kriya or karma is used in Hatha Yoga in a special technical sense regarding the techniques of cleaning. These practices, outlined by Yogi Swatmarama in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, are[1][2][3]:

Netī, nasal cleaning.

Dhautī, cleaning of the digestive tract.

Naulī, abdominal massage.

Basti, colon cleaning.

Kapālabhātī, purification and vitalisation of the frontal lobes.

Trāṭaka, blinkless gazing.

Definition courtesy Wikipedia.

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